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This is a mini-spec on a HTTP API which can be used by browser based clients to interact with Meshtastic devices.

Why protobufs

  • No need for JSON parsing on the resource constrained embedded server.
  • Small.
  • Already in use for all other transports (so shared testing/tooling coverage).
  • Backwards and forward compatible.

Request headers

  • Content-Type: application/x-protobuf
    • Indicates protobuf content (Meshtatic protobufs)

Response headers

  • Content-Type: application/x-protobuf
    • Indicates protobuf content (Meshtatic protobufs)
  • X-Protobuf-Schema: <URI to the .proto schema file>
    • Not required but recommended for documentation/reflection purposes


Two endpoints are specified:


Allows PUT and OPTION requests.


A PUT request to this endpoint will be expected to contain a series of ToRadio protobuf payloads.

The protobufs will be sent in binary as the body for the request.

Only one ToRadio message per request is supported.


An OPTIONSrequest to this endpoint will return a response status code 204 and headers only.


Allows GET requests.


A GET request from this endpoint will return a series of FromRadio protobufs.

The protobufs will be sent in binary as the body for the request.


  • all=false (unset default)
    • Only one protobuf is returned.
  • all=true
    • All available protobufs are returned.
  • chunked=false (unset default, not yet implemented)
    • The request returns all protobufs that can be delivered for the client's session (this would allow the client to poll by doing a series of requests). This is the only option that is supported in the initial release.
  • chunked=true (not yet implemented)
    • If chunked=true, the response will be a stream of chunks that the server will keep open as long as the client wants. This will allow efficient streaming of new FromRadio protobufs as they are generated by the radio.


There isn't any user authentication. We assume access to the HTTP server is enough to establish trust.




A reference client written in JavaScript will provide a JavaScript API for using this transport. That client will do HTTP connections, use the generated protobuf JavaScript code and provide an API that hides all of this REST plumbing. The two key methods will be sendToRadio(packet) and onFromRadio(callback).



Protoman is able to interface with the Meshtastic REST API out of the box. This is useful for manual testing of the endpoints.


HTTP and HTTPS are both supported on the ESP32 using self signed certificates on HTTPS.